Conceptual aspects of the biosphere-balanced use of ecological and biological systems
This article covers the dynamics of the current state of natural ecosystems under the influence of rapid increase in recent decades of anthropogenic impact on them, with negative effects on the environment and normal reproduction and survival of the biota in it as a resource and most crucial basic integral part of the biosphere. It is noted, particularly, that the current anthropogenic influence has become a powerful factor in the evolution of the biosphere in which biological systems began to function in anthropogenically transformed circulation of substances, often severely impaired harmonization of processes of their self-recovery, often leading to the need for society to revise its behavior in the "man-nature-economy - living environment" system. At the same time the conceptual aspects of strategic environmental and anthropogenic using of ecological and biological systems are presented. Against the background of the above-mentioned changes of the necessity of the transition from the unitary-consumptive use of biotic systems to the system(biosphere)-balanced, in which their component parts - the soil, plant, animals or other forms of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are considered not only as a source of obtaining the necessary and usefull for human products or basic production resoursed and objects of application of labor, but are as inseparable parts of a whole, functionally interacting entities of nature, beyond which, development and existence is impossible. According to tasks, assessment of the ecological and biological formations and optimization of their use can be carried out on 1) a globally-biosphere 2) landscape-ecological, 3) elementary biogeocenotical levels of the organization of natural and anthropogenically transformed systems. In the article the methodological principles of assessment of the ecological and biological systems in the biosphere-balanced use of them. It is stated that the main focus of their learning and assessment is a systematic approach to the wide range of applications in addition to traditional methods of identifying of structurally elementary indicators and functionally-group-biomorphological, environmental, rhythmic and many other features, the fundamental properties of the study of nonlinear dynamics of processes as complex open ecosystems with determinant-chaotic type of development and the appearance in them of high degree of random factors in the formation. The high appropriateness of accounting hemerobility of representatives of biota is mentioned. that is, their genetic and physiological responses to disturbance of edaphotopes or cultivated land for establishing the degree of degradation of natural ecosystems and acceptable thresholds of anthropogenic load on them. It is noted, that the implementation of a balanced use of natural resources of the biosphere requires changes in traditional thinking and developing of skills of innovative systemic approach and analysis of the surrounding material world, the ability to see the invisible on the basis of visible phenomena of nature, that is, the so-called invisible matter and its powerful energy - intra- and intersystem communication, laws of present and future development of ecological systems, and on this foundation to build properly a model of effective use. It is noted that human disturbance of balance in one or more parts of the system, due to the action intra - and intersystem balance masses, inevitably leads to a change in the entire system and puts it into new functioning modes, which are not always desirable. The task is to prevent the release of anthropogenic variability of natural systems beyond their adaptive stability.
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